New Orleans is a major U.S. port and the largest city in the state of Louisiana. It is located in southeastern Louisiana, straddling the Mississippi River. The city is named after Philippe II, Duc d'Orléans, Regent of France, and is well known for its multicultural and multilingual heritage, cuisine, architecture, music (particularly as the birthplace of jazz), and its annual celebrations and festivals, particularly Mardi Gras.
New Orleans in Trail of Glory
After the British advance was halted in Washington in August, 1814, British Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane prepared an invasion of 10,000 men to conquer New Orleans and the outlet of the Mississippi River. U.S. General Andrew Jackson, then located in the Floridas, prepared to meet Cochrane. Both Britain and the United States realized that any battle for New Orleans could prove decisive to the War of 1812.
- 1812: The Rivers of War, ch. 33.